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Each clan wore a piece of a plant that stood for their clan. It is the crest, or the top of the coat of arms, of their clan Chief, or the head of their branch of the family who has his own coat of arms.. It is inside a round strap that has a buckle on the bottom.

The strap has the motto of the Chief on it. The buckle shows that it is not your crest, but someone else's.

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  6. Ian Campbell, 12th Duke of Argyll.

Our Chief, and other people with coats of arms, wears a crest badge without the buckle, which shows that it is his crest. Look at the shield. If you see a gyronny in a Scottish coat of arms, you know that person is a Campbell. Crest badges of the four main houses of Clan Campbell. A Campbell symbol that is important to know.

Maureen Campbell-White. The byname kambel is recorded at this time. Fanciful reconstructions derive it from the French de Campo Bello , but the likely source is the caimbeul , an Early Modern Irish or Gaelic by name meaning wry mouth , crooked mouth or twisted mouth.

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The lands around Loch Awe , which would later form the core of their possessions, were not held at an early date. Between and the Campbells emergerd as one of the most powerful families in Gaelic speaking Scotland, dominant in Argyll and capable of wielding a wider influence and authority in the Hebrides and western Highlands. The family of Colin Campbell went on to become firm supporters of King Robert the Bruce and benefited from his successes with grants of lands, titles and good marriages.

During the 14th century the Clan Campbell rapidly expanded its lands and power. Lady Marjorie Stewart, b. The first Lord Campbell was created in It was from the 15th century that the Campbells came to take an increasingly prominent role. The personal reign of James I of Scotland , saw that king launch a geat political assault on the Albany Stewarts and their allies in the west, however Duncan Campbell, 1st lord Campbell Donnchadh , escaped the fate of his Albany kinsmen who were all either executed or exiled.

Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll Cailean was en-nobled as the Earl of Argyll in and later became Baron of Lorn and was also granted lands in Knapdale , signs that the Argylls were one of the major forces in Scotland. In after the forfeiture of the MacDonald, Lord of the Isles , the Campbell lords may well have viewed themselves as natural successors to the Clan Donald in terms of leadership of the Gaels of the Hebrides and western Highlands.

The Campbell lordship thus remained one of the most significant bastions of Gaelic learning and culture in late medieval and early modern Scotland. Many of the powerful Earls of Scotland participated in this battle which is sometimes referred to as the Charge of the Earls. Due to the large number of Scottish lives lost at this battle the 10th of September is remembered today in Scotland as Black Saturday.

In , a conflict took place between the Clan Campbell and Clan Arthur.


Duncan MacArthur and his son of the Loch Awe MacArthur family, became the victims of their own success when jealousy of their power drove neighbours to drown them in Loch Awe during a skirmish with the Clan Campbell. It is believed that the MacArthurs trying to defend themselves were driven into the loch. Centuries later in the s an ancient sword was unearthed on the shore of the loch.

In , the Clan Irvine , who were staunch royalist supporters, found themselves surrounded by Covenanter clans. A chair with Drum symbols, now in the Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, is believed to have been taken from Drum Castle either in by the Campbells or in when a previous raid was carried out by General Robert Monro.

After the Battle of Inverlochy in James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose laid siege to Castle Campbell but was unable to beat the Clan Campbell defenders and failed to take the castle.

Elsewhere, one tree was said to have carried thirty five bodies from its branches, and another thirty six men were buried alive. The two Lamont castles were decimated and Sir James Lamont was thrown into a dungeon for five years.

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This event became known as the Dunoon Massacre. Legend has it that so many Sinclairs were killed that the Campbells were able to cross the river without getting their feet wet. Clearly, however, the Sinclairs had influence in high places as a few years later, in , they regained the earldom by an order of Parliament. In , 78 unarmed MacDonalds were murdered in the Massacre of Glencoe when a government initiative to suppress Jacobitism was entangled in the long running feud between Clan MacDonald and Clan Campbell. The slaughter of the MacDonalds at the hands of the soldiers, led by Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon , after enjoying their hospitality for over a week was a major affront of Scottish Law and Highland tradition.

The majority of soldiers were not Campbells, but a roll call from a few months before included six Campbells in addition to Cpt.

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The Black Watch tartan, also known as the Government sett , or the Campbell tartan. The tartan was used, and is in current use, by several military units throughout the Commonwealth. On 23 October , chief John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll having learned that a detachment of rebels was passing by Castle Campbell , towards Dunfermline , sent out a body of cavalry, which came up with the party, and defeated it, taking a number of gentlemen prisoners, with the damage of one dragoon wounded in the cheek, and one horse slightly hurt.

A month later the British government forces of Clan Campbell fought and defeated the Jacobites at the Battle of Sheriffmuir in However there were in fact a small number Campbells who took the side of the Jacobites led by the son of Campbell of Glenlyon whose father had commanded the government troops at the Massacre of Glencoe 22 years earlier.

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However the British government forces led by the Argyll Campbells defeated the Jacobites. In six Independent Black Watch companies were formed.

Scottish clan profile: Campbell

These companies were known by the name Reicudan Dhu, or Black Watch. Taking advantage of the partisan nature and warrior instincts of the highlanders, these men were authorised to wear the kilt and to bear arms, thus it was not difficult to find recruits. The regiment was then officially known as the 42nd Regiment of Foot.

They fought against the rebel Jacobites at the Battle of Falkirk where government forces were defeated.